USDA announces changes to the U.S. Beef Grade Standards
The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) announced that it is updating the voluntary U.S. Standards for Grades of Carcass Beef. USDA quality grades are used by companies to provide information to purchasers about meat’s tenderness, juiciness, and flavor and are a major factor in determining the value of beef and live cattle.
This update to the standards will provide companies using the USDA grading program with additional options – dentition or age documentation – to establish the maturity of animals and ensure that cattle 30 months old, or less, are included in the youngest maturity group recognized as “beef” (A maturity). Skeletal and muscular evidence will still be used to determine maturity for those animals over 30 months of age.
This change for voluntary beef grading activities will be implemented on Monday, Dec. 18, 2017. Companies using the USDA voluntary grading program must do the following prior to Monday, Dec. 18, 2017:
1) Provide documentation to the AMS Supervisor and Graders describing how carcasses over 30 months of age (MOA) are identified and segregated within the plant. AMS will review these procedures either during routine QSA audits or during supervisory visits.
a. Plants with a Quality Systems Assessment (QSA) program (e.g., for Export Verification) will provide the applicable section from their quality manual which details this process.
b. Plants without a QSA program will document their process through a Standard Operating Procedure or similar document.
2) Ensure the AMS Supervisor and Graders are aware of how carcasses over 30 MOA are identified/marked. The carcasses must be identified in a manner that allows the AMS Grader to easily see the identification when presented for grading.
On Monday, Dec. 18, 2017, companies may only offer carcasses for initial quality and/or yield grading. No carcasses shall be presented for grading that were held as regrades from the previous week. These requirements are included in QAD 500 - Beef, Bullock, and Bull Grading Methods and Procedures.
AMS will hold a conference call with industry at Wednesday, Dec. 6, 2017, at 3:00 p.m. Eastern. The toll-free conference line is (888) 844-9904; access code 2887241.
If you have questions, please contact Joel Gottlieb, National Meat Supervisor, at Joel.Gottlieb@ams.usda.gov (202) 253-1379 or Dana Stahl, Grading Branch Chief, at Dana.Stahl@ams.usda.gov or (202) 690-3169.